Monday, September 10

American Man (Trace Adkins)

What happened on 9/11?
On September 11, 2001 .... Terrorists attacked the US.  They hijacked 4 airplanes in mid-flight, and flew two of the planes into two skyscrapers at the World Trade Center in New York City.  The impact caused the buildings to catch fire and collapse.  Another plane destroyed part of the Pentagon (the U.S military headquarters) in Arlington, Virginia.  The 4th plane crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
Officials believe that the terrorists intended to destroy either the White House or the U.S Capitol building.  Passengers on the plane fought the terrorists and prevented them from reaching their goal.  In all nearly 3,000 people were killed in the 9/11 attacks.
When people think of 9/11, they commonly think of NYC, but let's not forget the other two planes that carried victims that day.

Who attacked the United States?
A total of 19 terrorists hijacked the 4 planes on 9/11.  All of the men were from nations in the Middle East.  They belonged to a Terrorist group called Al Qaeda, and were led by Osama Bin Laden.  Al Qaeda practices an extreme version of the religion of Islam.  The group is intensely opposed to the US and other western, democratic nations.  They are especially against the military presence of these countries in Arab nations.  Since the group's creation by Bin Laden in the late 1980's, Al Qaeda has helped coordinate and fund numerous bombings worldwide.

How did America respond to September 11th?
In October 2001, the U.S and it allies invaded Afghanistan, where Al Qaeda was based.  The extreme Islamic group that ran Afghanistan's government, known as the Taliban, was protecting Bin Laden and allowing Al Qaeda to run training camps in the country.  U.S-led forces soon brought down the Taliban.  They are still working to help rebuild and stabilize the nation.  Since 2001, many Al Qaeda members have been captured or killed.  On May 1, 2011, U.S troops killed Bin Laden when he was hiding in Pakistan.
The U.S invaded Iraq in 2003.  Then-President Bush and other U.S leaders believed that the country's dictator, Saddam Hussein, was hiding terrible weapons that could be given to terrorists.  Hussein was captured and later put to death by an Iraqi Court.  No weapons of mass destruction were found.

How did America change after September 11th?

Following 9/11, the U.S government  took many steps to try to make the country safer.  It tightened security at airports and in public buildings.  For example, no longer could you drop off or meet loved ones at the airport gate.  A new cabinet-level department, the Department of Homeland Security, was created.  It works to protect the U.S from terrorism.

September 11th Unit Study Resources

**If you only choose one resource, we recommend the Memorial Museum, as it has excellent resources.**

Video should be screened by parents before showing to young children

Come back tomorrow for more September 11th...