It's a little-known fact that as a young girl, I dreamed of becoming an architect, but with zero spatial skills, it just wasn't in cards. I still find old houses fascinating, though, and am enjoying watching my oldest go through his 'architectural phase.' Which may not be a phase after all....I mean, we've all seen his Etch-a-Sketch pictures...that boy has some talented spatial reasoning!!!
We will be working on architecture more this year, since that is where his interests lie. Here is the unit study that we will be working from throughout the year. And never fear, mom, I've remembered to address the littles, too! It's a considerably shorter unit, but let's get to them first...
Early Elementary Unit
- Building a House
- Lesson plans for pre-school and early elementary aged students. This way your youngest children can work along side the older ones!
- How a House is Built
- If You Lived Here : Houses of the World
- American House : Styles of Architecture Coloring Book
- Victorian Architecture Coloring Page
- Hands-On Architecture
Four activities that let your student play and invent new buildings! These are designed to develop an understanding of building, encourage creativity, and practice techniques.
His love for architecture stemmed from his love of all things Greek and Roman (ancient, of course). Hence our hands-on history units for ancient civilizations! So we will begin with a review of the basic architectural column designs.
Of the three columns found in Greece, Doric columns are the simplest. They have a capital (the top, or crown) made of a circle topped by a square. The shaft (the tall part of the column) is plain and has 20 sides. There is no base in the Doric order. The Doric order is very plain, but powerful-looking in its design. Doric, like most Greek styles, works well horizontally on buildings, that's why it was so good with the long rectangular buildings made by the Greeks. The area above the column, called the frieze [pronounced "freeze"], had simple patterns.
Ionic shafts were taller than Doric ones. This makes the columns look slender. They also had flutes, which are lines carved into them from top to bottom. The shafts also had a special characteristic: entasis, which is a little bulge in the columns make the columns look straight, even at a distance [because since you would see the building from eye level, the shafts would appear to get narrower as they rise, so this bulge makes up for that - so it looks straight to your eye but it really isn't !] . The frieze is plain. The bases were large and looked like a set of stacked rings. Ionic capitals consist of a scrolls above the shaft. The Ionic style is a little more decorative than the Doric.
The Corinthian order is the most decorative and is usually the one most modern people like best. Corinthian also uses entasis to make the shafts look straight. The Corinthian capitals have flowers and leaves below a small scroll. The shaft has flutes and the base is like the Ionian. Unlike the Doric and Ionian cornices, which are at a slant, the Corinthian roofs are flat.
During our travels, we have visited and explored different styles of architectural homes, including :
Part of the fun of architecture is getting to express your unique individuality!! Below are some fun activities for your students to explore their styles and do just that!
- What Is Your Architecture Personality?
- This quiz determines your architecture personality. At the end of the quiz it tells you about the different styles of architecture. This is definitely geared more towards adults than students, but the boys loved taking the tests lots of different ways to see what types of styles they could produce.
- American House : Styles of Architecture Coloring Book
- Crisp renderings of over 40 extant structures from Taos Pueblo to striking contemporaries. Spanish Colonial, Georgian, Stick, Gothic, many other styles. Rich and informative captions date, identify, and describe each dwelling.
- How to Become an Architect
- This page answers some of the most frequently asked questions about careers in architecture. The advice comes from several architects.
- Lego Architecture : Eiffel Tower
- Lego has an entire line of architectural designs, ranging from $30 to $180. The Eiffel Tower is on the lower range, and we spent a whole day studying France while building this one!! (Double the learning, double the fun!)
- Lego Architect Studio
- This one is the mack-daddy of architectural sets from Lego...including a 300 page booklet and more bricks than any one child should own!
- Young Architect Kit
- Create a 3-dimensional design model in just 3 easy steps! Great for aspiring young architects, design and furnish your floor plan with templates and colored pencils that are included. To top it off, this building set is reusable, so you can start from scratch and redesign your floor plans over and over again for endless fun.
- 3-D Architect Studio
- On this web site, you can design a house, walk through it in 3D, and then share it with the world. You can also learn more about architecture, past and present, and explore Frank Lloyd Wright's life and work.
Finally, David Macaulay's Building Big series at PBS offers students a chance to work with engineering concepts on an interactive site. This site is the accompaniment to his DVD series, which was fascinating for our entire family. Ranging from age 6 to Dad, we all enjoyed watching these videos together.
- Building Big
- PBS developed this site for use with the five-part series Building Big by David Macaulay. It covers bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. Interactive activities allow children experience with the challenges of design and construction for each of these structure types as well as engineering labs that cover forces, loads, materials, and shapes.
- David Macaulay DVD series